Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation is a condition that is identified by a child’s doctors. It is a disorder that not only affects intellectual functioning, rx but also affects behavior, vcialis 40mg social behavior and emotional states. Mental Retardation is diagnosed when a child’s intelligence test scores fall below 70 AND  the child requires assistance in the tasks of daily living. Children with mental retardation often have difficulty in the following areas; thinking logically, viagra 100mg remembering things, speaking, understanding social behaviours, connecting cause and effect, and solving problems. Some types of mental retardation are associated with behavioral problems such as aggression, impulsivity, self-injury, stubbornness, passivity, hyperactivity, attention problems, depression or psychotic disorders.

Children with Mild Mental Retardation (I.Q. in the 50-70 range) can usually attain a sixth grade level education and learn to work and live within the community with some level of support. Mild Retardation characterizes 85% of all cases of mental retardation. Another 10% of mentally retarded people have Moderate Mental Retardation. Those with Moderate Mental Retardation (IQ in the 30-50 range) can usually learn enough social and language skills to be able to work in sheltered workshops as adults. Those with this level of retardation do not generally live independently. Children with Severe Mental Retardation (IQ in the 20-high 30 range), constituting about 5% of the of the Mentally Retarded population,, may learn some communication skills and may be able to work with supervision, while those with Profound Mental Retardation (IQ less than 25), constituting 1-2% of all those with Mental Retardation, will require lifelong care.

The three most common inborn causes for mental retardation are: Fragile X syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome and Down syndrome. Brain damage, chemical effects, metabolic issues, chromosomal abnormalities, disease, birth trauma, and malnutrition are also causes of mental retardation before birth. Mental Retardation acquired after birth can be caused by infections, lead poisoning, brain trauma, and environmental deprivation at critical periods.

Treatment of Mental Retardation
As of now there is no cure to this disability. However, there are many things that can be done to optimize the development of children with mental retardation. Medical treatments improve the mental and physical conditions that often accompany this diagnosis. Psychological and behavioral treatments can help as well.  Every day, new teaching tools are being developed that can help stimulate learning and communication skills. Accessing support resources in the community can help the family and child function optimally. There are many non-profit or for-profit schools in North America as well as government-run establishments that cater especially to children and adults with mental retardation

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *